Database on fatal shooting in the United States by a police officer in the line of duty since Jan. 1, 2015. Washington Post. June 11, 2020
Ontario’s Anti-Black Racism Strategy: The government’s roadmap for addressing anti-Black racism and improving outcomes for Black communities. Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Published: December 14, 2017, updated: June 05, 2020
Report of the Independent Street Checks Review by The Honourable Michael H. Tulloch. Queen’s Printer for Ontario, 2018
Police use of force in Ontario: An Examination of Data from the Special Investigations Unit. Research Project Conducted on behalf of the African Canadian Legal Clinic for Submission to the Ipperwash Inquiry. Ministry of the Attorney General.
Results from the 2016 Census: Education and labour market integration of Black youth in Canada. Insights on Canadian Society. Statistics Canada. February 25, 2020
Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2018. Statistics Canada. February 26, 2020