The official word on APA style from the APA style experts. Got a question? Check the blog.
The library's research databases will help you format sources you find while searching them, but they will not help you with other sources. These tools can help you format your references in APA style. Select the resource type, enter your data, and get a formatted citation that you can paste into your bibliography.
Caveat: These citation machines are not perfect - they are only as good as the data you feed them. You will still need to proofread your references - use the basic rules above to catch the most common mistakes.
The following is a summary of the basic rules for APA citations.
Make sure the date of publication is in the correct format
Watch for capitalization:
Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers
Last name, First initial. Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. Where they live if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. personal communication. Month Date, Year.
Cardinal, D. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. personal communication. April 4, 2004.
Template taken from: MacLeod, L. (2021). More than personal communication: Templates for citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers”. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.18357/kula.135.
"[P]lagiarism, in an academic context, refers to an intentional decision not to acknowledge the work of others in assignments – or ignoring usually well-publicized obligations to do this."
The UFV Academic Success Centre's student guide:
Additional Library books to consult.
From Newfoundland’s Memorial University
See more about APA in Memorial University's APA Style Quick Guide
APA has updated to the 7th edition but not all of UFV has yet. Please ask your professor if you should be using the 7th edition or the 6th.