The library's research databases will help you format sources you find while searching them, but they will not help you with other sources. These tools can help you format your references in MLA style. Select the resource type, enter your data, and get a formatted citation that you can paste into your bibliography.
Caveat: These citation machines are not perfect - they are only as good as the data you feed them. You will still need to proofread your references - use the basic rules above to catch the most common mistakes.
In Spring 2021, MLA brought out a new edition of their citation guide. Please make sure with your professor which version you need to be using. The tips on this page are for the 8th edition but OWL has updated their guides to the 9th.
The following is a summary of the basic rules for MLA citations.
Make sure the date of publication is in the correct format
If there are no pages given, do not count unmarked paragraphs but if there are section numbers or the paragraphs are numbered, use par. or pars. for (paragraph or paragraphs) or sec. or secs. for (section or sections)
Watch for capitalization:
The name of the organization that makes the work available for you to see/use.
Place of publication is no longer necessary. Instead just give the name of the publisher and the date of publication. (e.g., Oxford University Press, 2016 or HarperCollins Publishers 1999)
For online documents or websites, give the url. If there is a doi for an online journal, use that rather than the url.
Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers
Last name, First name. Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. City/Community they live in if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. Date Month Year.
Cardinal, Delores. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. 4 April 2004.
Template taken from: MacLeod, Lorisia. 2021. “More Than Personal Communication: Templates For Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers”. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.18357/kula.135.
"[P]lagiarism, in an academic context, refers to an intentional decision not to acknowledge the work of others in assignments – or ignoring usually well-publicized obligations to do this."
The UFV Academic Success Centre's student guide:
Additional Library books to consult.